[53] In early 1926, Hadley became aware of his affair with Pfeiffer, who came to Pamplona with them that July. [83], In 1937, Hemingway left for Spain to cover the Spanish Civil War for the North American Newspaper Alliance (NANA), despite Pauline's reluctance to have him working in a war zone. As soon as he arrived, however, Lanham handed him to the doctors, who hospitalized him with pneumonia; he recovered a week later, but most of the fighting was over. [45], With his wife Hadley, Hemingway first visited the Festival of San Fermín in Pamplona, Spain, in 1923, where he became fascinated by bullfighting. in Benson, Jackson J. Smith, Paul (1996). He chartered a sightseeing flight over the Belgian Congo as a Christmas present to Mary. Jahrhunderts. “In six of the seven novels published during his lifetime,” writes Jeffrey Herlihy in Hemingway's Expatriate Nationalism, ”the protagonist is abroad, bilingual, and bicultural.”[189] Herlihy calls this “Hemingway’s Transnational Archetype” and argues that the foreign settings, “far from being mere exotic backdrops or cosmopolitan milieus, are motivating factors in character action.”[190] Critic Leslie Fiedler sees the theme he defines as "The Sacred Land"—the American West—extended in Hemingway's work to include mountains in Spain, Switzerland and Africa, and to the streams of Michigan. "Hemingway and Gender History". He grows in public stature as he sheds his loneliness and often his work deteriorates. [14][note 1] He was still only 18 at the time. [223] Her death was later ruled a suicide, making her "the fifth person in four generations of her family to commit suicide". [192] In his paper The Uses of Authenticity: Hemingway and the Literary Field, Timo Müller writes that Hemingway's fiction is successful because the characters live an "authentic life", and the "soldiers, fishers, boxers and backwoodsmen are among the archetypes of authenticity in modern literature". He was not able to tell them how scared he had been "in another country with surgeons who could not tell him in English if his leg was coming off or not. [224], Three houses associated with Hemingway are listed on the U.S. National Register of Historic Places: the Ernest Hemingway Cottage on Walloon Lake, Michigan, designated in 1968; the Ernest Hemingway House in Key West, designated in 1968; and the Ernest and Mary Hemingway House in Ketchum, designated in 2015. Hemingway beroofde zichzelf in 1961 van het leven. [139] He was unable to organize his writing for the first time in his life, so he asked A. E. Hotchner to travel to Cuba to help him. Op bol.com vind je alle boeken van Ernest Hemingway. [38], Hemingway, Hadley and their son (nicknamed Bumby) returned to Paris in January 1924 and moved into a new apartment on the rue Notre-Dame des Champs. Ernest Miller Hemingway (Oak Park (Illinois), 21 juli 1899 – Ketchum (Idaho), 2 juli 1961) was een Amerikaans romancier en auteur van korte verhalen die schreef in een viriele en extraverte stijl. [23] They wanted to visit Rome, but Sherwood Anderson convinced them to visit Paris instead, writing letters of introduction for the young couple. [5] But those that will not break it kills. [131] In mid-1959, he visited Spain to research a series of bullfighting articles commissioned by Life magazine. His boyhood home, in Oak Park, Illinois, is a museum and archive dedicated to Hemingway. "[69], Upon his return to Key West in December, Hemingway worked on the draft of A Farewell to Arms before leaving for France in January. Geen ornamenten. He briefed the reporters and spent the next few weeks recuperating and reading his erroneous obituaries. [82] In 1935 he first arrived at Bimini, where he spent a considerable amount of time. Rare Book & Manuscript Library. [note 2][68] Hemingway was devastated, having earlier written to his father telling him not to worry about financial difficulties; the letter arrived minutes after the suicide. Hemingway later said of the incident: "When you go to war as a boy you have a great illusion of immortality. Huis Finca Vigia waar Ernest Hemingway vanaf 1939 tot 1960 leefde. "My True Occupation is That of a Writer:Hemingway's Passport Correspondence". [136] President Kennedy arranged for Mary Hemingway to travel to Cuba where she met Fidel Castro and obtained her husband's papers and painting in return for donating Finca Vigía to Cuba. [38] Hemingway helped Ford Madox Ford edit The Transatlantic Review, which published works by Pound, John Dos Passos, Baroness Elsa von Freytag-Loringhoven, and Stein, as well as some of Hemingway's own early stories such as "Indian Camp". [18], Hemingway returned home early in 1919 to a time of readjustment. [15], Hemingway said he "was out of business as a writer" from 1942 to 1945 during his residence in Cuba. Martha had been forced to cross the Atlantic in a ship filled with explosives because Hemingway refused to help her get a press pass on a plane, and she arrived in London to find him hospitalized with a concussion from a car accident. [8] Like Mark Twain, Stephen Crane, Theodore Dreiser, and Sinclair Lewis, Hemingway was a journalist before becoming a novelist. "The Uses of Authenticity: Hemingway and the Literary Field, 1926–1936". [59] The couple were divorced in January 1927, and Hemingway married Pfeiffer in May. Hemingway produced most of his work between the mid-1920s and the mid-1950s, and he won the Nobel Prize in Literature in 1954. During these travels, Hemingway contracted amoebic dysentery that caused a prolapsed intestine, and he was evacuated by plane to Nairobi, an experience reflected in "The Snows of Kilimanjaro". 3075-3076). Hemingway moved his primary summer residence to Ketchum, Idaho, just outside the newly built resort of Sun Valley, and moved his winter residence to Cuba. Benson, Jackson. Meanwhile, he continued to travel to Europe and to Cuba, and—although in 1933 he wrote of Key West, "We have a fine house here, and kids are all well"—Mellow believes he "was plainly restless". Nobel Prize winner Ernest Hemingway is seen as one of the great American 20th century novelists, and is known for works like 'A Farewell to Arms' and 'The Old Man and the Sea.' When he arrived in London, he met Time magazine correspondent Mary Welsh, with whom he became infatuated.

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