), CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (, The close relationship between the Comitium and the. When Censor in 318 BC, Gaius Maenius provided buildings in the Forum neighborhood with balconies, which were called after him maeniana, in order that the spectators might better view the games put on within the temporary wooden arenas set up there. Conoce más sobre Forum Romanum en Zadar. Einer der ersten Tempel auf dem Platz war der für den Gott Saturn. [13], The 5th century BC witnessed the earliest Forum temples with known dates of construction: the Temple of Saturn (497 BC) and the Temple of Castor and Pollux (484 BC). Many of the oldest and most important structures of the ancient city were located on or near the Forum. [39] The worst destruction in the forum occurred under Paul III, who in 1540 revoked previous excavation licenses and brought the forum exclusively under the control of the Deputies of the Fabric of the new Saint Peter's Basilica, who exploited the site for stone and marble. ... 1 Das Forum Romanum Name, Klasse. Ein baulich ähnlicher Tempel, der aber nicht der Vesta geweiht war, befindet sich in Rom unterhalb des Aventinhügels auf dem Forum Boarium, der Tempel des Hercules Victor. Sie richtet sich jedoch nach der Form des Wiederaufbaus von 64, als der Tempel während des großen Brandes von Rom unter Nero ebenfalls zerstört wurde. Der Eintritt für das Forum Romanum ist ein Kombi-Ticket, dass stets auch zum Zugang zum Palatin Hügel und dem Kolosseum berechtigt. [47] The eight remaining columns are all that is left of the illustrious temple. [9], From here they would mount the Capitoline Rise (Clivus Capitolinus) up to the Temple of Jupiter Optimus Maximus on the summit of the Capitol. There are also: Other markets were known but remain unidentifiable due to a lack of precise information on each site's function. [32] The demand for building materials consequently increased significantly, making the forum a convenient quarry for stone and marble. After the verdict, they were led to their deaths at the Tullianum, the nearby dungeon which was the only known state prison of the ancient Romans.[19]. [34], In the 15th century, the Vatican escalated the issuance of excavation licenses, which gave broad permission to individuals to mine specific sites or structures for stone. [10], The Forum was outside the walls of the original Sabine fortress, which was entered through the Porta Saturni. Excavations in the 19th century revealed one layer on top of another. [28] Monuments which fell victim to dismantling and the subsequent burning of their materials for lime included the remains of the Arch of Augustus, the Temple of Caesar, parts of the Temple of Antoninus and Faustina, the Temple of Vesta, the steps and foundation of the Temple of Castor and Pollux, and the Regia. The return of Pope Urban V from Avignon in 1367 led to an increased interest in ancient monuments, partly for their moral lesson and partly as a quarry for new buildings being undertaken in Rome after a long lapse. This, along with the debris from the dismantled medieval buildings and ancient structures, helped contribute to the rising ground level.[27]. [28][29] Just a few years before, in 1536, the Pope had issued an invitation to Holy Roman Emperor Charles V to hold a triumph in Rome on his return from conquering Tunis in North Africa. The Temple stood in the forum along with four other temples, the temples of Concord, Vesta, Castor and Pollox. Weitere historische Bauwerke im Forum Romanum sind, neben einigen anderen, der Vespasians-Titus Tempel, der Janus Tempel, der Tempel des Saturns, der Antonius Pius und Faustina Tempel, der Tempel der Venus und Roma und der Romulus Tempel. In the 6th century some of the old edifices within the Forum began to be transformed into Christian churches. November 2020 um 23:28 Uhr bearbeitet. Learn how and when to remove this template message, "La Stampa – La top ten dei monumenti più visti Primo il Colosseo, seconda Pompei", "Modern Rome - Campo Vaccino (Getty Museum)", "Forum Excavations Reveal Rome's Advanced Age", "Romulus mystery: Experts divided on 'tomb of Rome's founding father, Roman Forum's 360x180 degree panorama virtual tour, Map of the Forum in AD 100, blank or labelled, Temple of Jupiter Stator (8th century BC), Boncompagni Ludovisi Decorative Art Museum, Museo Storico Nazionale dell'Arte Sanitaria, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Roman_Forum&oldid=991418603, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles needing additional references from August 2015, All articles needing additional references, Articles containing Italian-language text, Articles with unsourced statements from October 2012, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 29 November 2020, at 23:38. [40] The Conservators protested vehemently against the ruination of their heritage, as they perceived it, and on one occasion applied fruitlessly to Pope Gregory XIII (1572-1585) to revoke all licenses for foraging materials, including the one granted to the fabbrica of Saint Peter's in the forum. He also reconstructed the rostra at each end of the Forum and added columns.[23]. Van de Tempel van Vespasianus kan je nog drie zuilen terugvinden op het Forum Romanum. Explore content created by others. Here statues and monuments commemorated the city's great men. In ihm wurde aber nicht nur der Gott verehrt, sondern auch der römische Staatsschatz aufbewahrt. Der Tempel ist dem Typus Tholos zugeordnet. Citizens of the ancient city referred to this space, originally a marketplace, as the Forum Magnum, or simply the Forum. Its final travertine paving, still visible, dates from the reign of Augustus. Diese Seite wurde zuletzt am 11. Lavish public banquets ensued back down on the Forum. Gelukkig weten we wel wat de inscripties op deze tempels zeiden, dankzij de notities van een pelgrim uit de middeleeuwen. Fora for cattle, pork, vegetables and wine specialised in their niche products and the associated deities around them. Das Forum Romanum: Amazon.es: Klaus Stefan Freyberger, Heide Behrens: Libros en idiomas extranjeros [51], Inside the Temple there were multiple vaults for the public and private ones for individuals. Das Forum Romanum ist Anziehungspunkt für viele Touristen, die dort Tempel und viele andere Überreste antiker Prachtbauten besichtigen. The temple was rebuilt in 42 B.C.E. Dette er Roms største amfiteater. Das Forum Romanum (Römischer Marktplatz) in Rom ist das älteste römische Forum und war Mittelpunkt des politischen, wirtschaftlichen, kulturellen und religiösen Lebens. sluttede sig sammen, begyndte bebyggelsen at vokse ned i lavningen, der tidligere var benyttet til gravplads. [44], In 2008 heavy rains caused structural damage to the modern concrete covering holding the "Black Stone" marble together over the Lapis Niger in Rome. [citation needed], Rome's second king, Numa Pompilius (r. 715–673 BC), is said to have begun the cult of Vesta, building its house and temple as well as the Regia as the city's first royal palace. Richmond, Ian Archibald, et al. Die Neugestaltung durch Augustus (Tübingen 1972) 8, 12-14. Forum Romanum (italiensk Foro Romano, 'det romerske forumet') er eit rektangulært romersk forum som i dag er omgjeve av ruinar av fleire viktige administrasjonsbygningar frå antikken i sentrum av dagens Roma.Borgarane av den antikke byen refererte i si tid til denne opne plassen, opphavleg berre ein marknadsplass eller torg, som Forum Magnum («det store forumet») eller ganske enkelt som Forum.

forum romanum tempel

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